alexa Transesterification of Various Bio-oils: Application an
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
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Research Article

Transesterification of Various Bio-oils: Application and Perspectives in Burkina Faso

Mariama Sido-Pabyam1*, Edem N’Tsoukpoe1, Joel Blin1,2 and Yao Azoumah2
1Institute International Engineering Water and Environment (2iE), Laboratory Biomass Energy and Biofuels, Wetenschapsstraat 01BP594, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso
2CIRAD-PERSYST, UPR Biomasse Energie, TA B-42/16, 73 Avenue J.-F. Breton, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Corresponding Author : Mariama Sido-Pabyam
Institute International Engineering Water and Environment (2iE)
Laboratory Biomass Energy and Biofuels
Wetenschapsstraat 01BP594, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso
Tel: 226- 50492867
E-mail: [email protected]
Received November 12, 2014; Accepted November 28, 2014; Published February 10, 2015
Citation: Sido-Pabyam M, N’Tsoukpoe E, Blin J, Azoumah Y (2015) Transesterification of Various Bio-oils: Application and Perspectives in Burkina Faso. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 6:201. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.1000201
Copyright: © 2015 Sido-Pabyam M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study and analyze the possibility of adapting the production of biodiesel in West African countries, in agreement with required standards, using local vegetable oils, for particular use in rural or remote regions. To achieve this study, an original approach based on Komers and Nourreddini theories is proposed, in order to identify the optimal conditions and parameters to produce high quality of biodiesel. Then, a pilot of transesterification is developed. The optimums obtained from theoretical simulations are used to synthetize biodiesels of various vegetable oils. Quantification in order to estimate the transesterification yield and the performance of the pilot is done. Different analytical methods for biodiesel characterization are used to determine main fuel properties including viscosity, density, water content, etc. The obtained values are then compared with international standards. This quality control is completed with gas chromatography for the quantification of tri-, di-, monoglycerides, free and total glycerol, which compose the final mixture of the various biodiesels produced. Good correlation between the results obtained and international standards values are found.

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