Transformational Leadership and its Impact on Governance and Development in African Nations: An Analytical Approach
- *Corresponding Author:
- Gabbar HA
Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science
University of Ontario Institute of Technology
2000 Simcoe Street North,Oshawa, L1H7K4, Canada
Received Date: October 04, 2014; Accepted Date: November 10, 2014; Published Date: November 20, 2014
Citation: Gabbar HA, Honarmand N, Abdelsalam AA (2014) Transformational Leadership and its Impact on Governance and Development in African Nations:An Analytical Approach. J Entrepren Organiz Manag 3:121 doi: 10.4172/2169-026X.1000121
Copyright: © 2014 Gabbar HA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Transactional leadership ensures an unhealthy/antagonistic leader-follower relationship. Most African governments are personal ruler ship, military dictatorship or fragile democracies. The ‘will’ of the people and ultimate sovereignty of the people have become a myth. The transactional leader turns his entire state into a machine for his own profit and that of a few friends, His thoughts lack objectivity and intellectual rig our at critical moments and incline his fledgling state to disorderly growth and mental deficiency. This sophistication of criminality and production of aggressive millineries is sustained because Africa has a very high rate of illiteracy of about 80%. They live in the rural areas, engage in subsistence farming, petty trading and local handcraft and picking of minerals on the ground. Its rudimentary background in science and technology produces an uneven process in its participation in Economic globalization. This fosters a structure of dependence of African nations on the industrial nations. This can only be overcome by a qualitative change in their internal structures and external relations, “like investing in a healthy well-fed literate population” and development of indigenous technology advancement. Unfortunately the people are considered as victims or even opponents of Government. The paper advocates for transformational leadership in all global states like Christ-Apostle transformational partnership uplifting “servants” to “Friends” of God the Father (John, 15:15). Common humanity will begin to enjoy a progressive partnership from leader-follower, follower-leader through feedback process to moral exemplar-upcoming leaders in designs environment that demands innovation and promotes entrepreneurial activity for the prosperity of all mankind.