Treatment of Bipolar Disorder according to a Neural Network
- *Corresponding Author:
- Felix-Martin Werner
Neural Networks in Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases
University of Salamanca, Instituto de Neurociencias de Castilla y León (INCYL)
Laboratorio de Neuroanatomía de los Sistemas Peptidérgicos (Lab. 14)
c/ Pintor Fernando Gallego, 1, 37007-Salamanca, Spain
Tel: +34/923/29 44 00 ,Extension 1856
Fax: +34/923/29 45 49
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 29, 2015 Accepted Date: September 14, 2015 Published Date: September 16, 2015
Citation: Werner F, Coveñas R (2015) Treatment of Bipolar Disorder according to a Neural Network. J Cytol Histol 6:368. doi:10.4172/2157-7099.1000368
Copyright: © 2015 Werner F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Here, we describe the alterations of excitatory neurotransmitters (dopamine, serotonin, noradrenaline, acetylcholine), glutamate and GABA (a presynaptic inhibitory neurotransmitter) in the brain areas (brainstem, hypothalamus, hippocampus) involved in bipolar disorder. The coherence between the pituitary hypothalamicadrenocortical axis and the existing neurotransmitter alterations is pointed out. Neural networks are described in the concerned brain areas, including the neurotransmitters and the depending subreceptors, on which the prophylactic drugs exert their effects. A survey of the commonly used prophylactic drugs is also given.