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ISSN: 2167-7182

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research
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Research Article

Treatment of Hypertension in Frail Older Adults in Nursing Homes:Evaluation of an Educational Intervention for Physicians

Jill Duncan1, Paige Moorhouse1*, Laurie Mallery1 and Susan K Bowles1,2

1Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

2Department of Pharmacy, Central Zone-Nova Scotia Health Authority.

*Corresponding Author:
Paige Moorhouse
Dalhousie University, Suite
3323 Veterans’ Memorial Building 5595 Veterans’
Memorial Lane Halifax, NS, Canada B2H2P1
Tel: 1(902) 473-4995
Fax: 1(902) 473-7133
Email: [email protected]

Received Date: April 24, 2015; Accepted Date: May 27, 2015; Published Date: May 29, 2015

Citation: Duncan J, Moorhouse P, Mallery L, Bowles SK (2015) Treatment of Hypertension in Frail Older Adults in Nursing Homes: Evaluation of an Educational Intervention for Physicians. J Gerontol Geriat Res S3:005. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.S3-005

Copyright: © 2015 Moorhouse P. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: New treatment recommendations for hypertension, specific to the frail elderly, have recently been published. We aimed to determine the effect of an educational intervention on appropriateness of prescribing for hypertension in a nursing home setting using an observational, before and after study design in a single nursing home, as measured by adherence to each of the four key messages of the treatment recommendations. Results: 138 nursing home residents participated in the study. A total of 17% of residents had a systolic blood pressure ≥140mm Hg and only 4% had SBP ≥150 mm Hg. The percentage of residents taking one or more medication affecting blood pressure decreased from 60.2% prior to the intervention to 51.9% in the post-intervention population (p=0.003) The proportion of residents prescribed 2 or more medications affecting blood pressure decreased from 36.4% pre-intervention to 23.1% post intervention (p=0.002). Median monthly cost for medications affecting blood pressure was $4.18 pre-intervention and decreased to $1.05 post-intervention (p<0.001). Conclusion: Nursing home residents may be over-treated for hypertension. A multi-faceted educational intervention can decrease the use of medications affecting blood pressure in a frail population.

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