alexa Tributyltin and its Derivative in Water Samples of National Inland Water Way Authority Harbour of Warri, Delta State, Nigeria | OMICS International
ISSN: 2161-0401

Organic Chemistry: Current Research
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Research Article

Tributyltin and its Derivative in Water Samples of National Inland Water Way Authority Harbour of Warri, Delta State, Nigeria

Ogbomida ET1* and Lawrence Ikechukwu Ezemonye2
1Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Life Science, University of Benin, Nigeria
2Ecotoxicology and Environmental Forensic Unit, National Centre for Energy and Environment, Energy Commission of Nigeria, University of Benin, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Emmanuel Temiotan Ogbomida
PhD, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Forensic Unit
National Centre for Energy and Environment, Energy Commission of Nigeria
University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
Tel: +2348033862226
E-mail: [email protected]/[email protected] org.ng
Received: January 09, 2016; Accepted: January 11, 2016; Published: January 18, 2016
Citation: Ogbomida ET, Ezemonye LI (2016) Tributyltin and its Derivative in Water Samples of National Inland Water Way Authority Harbour of Warri, Delta State, Nigeria. Organic Chem Curr Res 5:158. doi:10.4172/2161-0401.1000158
Copyright: © 2016 Ogbomida ET, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Surface water samples were collected and analyzed to evaluate the fate of tributyltin (TBT) and its derivatives dibutyltin (DBT) and monobutyltin (MBT) from National Inland Waterway Authority (NIWA) Harbour, using gas chromatography coupled with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) with detection limit of 0.001 μg/l. The concentrations were in the range of TBT (0.01 μg/l to 0.05 μg/l), DBT (0.01 μg/l to 0.03 μg/l) and MBT (0.01 μg/l to 0.02 μg/l). The total butyltin concentration ranged from 0.04 μg/l to 0.09 μg/l. TBT was generally dominant in most of the samples, suggesting fresh inputs of tributyltin compounds and/or less degradation of TBT. The measured mean concentrations in surface water samples exceeded the ecotoxicological benchmark of 0.01 μg/l recommended by US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) indicative of potential environmental risk. This survey provides baseline data on tributyltin compound contamination in National Inland Waterway Authority (NIWA) Harbour and suggests further environmental monitoring of other Nigeria harbours.

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