alexa Tuberculosis: From an Untreatable Disease in Antiquity to an Untreatable Disease in Modern Times? | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-8731

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Preventive Medicine
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Review Article

Tuberculosis: From an Untreatable Disease in Antiquity to an Untreatable Disease in Modern Times?

Nicholas A Boire1, Victoria Avery A Riede2, Nicole M Parrish3 and Stefan Riedel3*

1The Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

2Harford Day School, Bel Air, Maryland, USA

3The Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Division of Microbiology, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Stefan Riedel
The Johns Hopkins University,Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
Department of Pathology, Division of Microbiology, 4940 Eastern Avenue
A Building, Room 102-B, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Tel: 410-550-6618
Fax: 410-550-2109
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 30, 2013; Accepted date: May 24, 2013; Published date: May 27 , 2013

Citation: Boire NA, Riedel VAA, Parrish NM, Riedel S (2013) Tuberculosis: From an Untreatable Disease in Antiquity to an Untreatable Disease in Modern Times? J Anc Dis Prev Rem 1:106. doi: 10.4172/2329-8731.1000106

Copyright: © 2013 Boire NA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The history of tuberculosis (TB) is intricately connected to the history of humanity. The disease is considered one of the oldest infectious diseases afflicting mankind. Its history is that of colorful, often vibrant descriptions and interpretations, in the attempt of human societies to demystify the origins, causality, and course of this grave and lethal disease, and in the ultimate pursuit of finding a cure. The discovery of the tubercle bacillus on March 24th 1882, by Robert Koch, led to an unprecedented increase in international research efforts, ultimately resulting in the development of a vaccine and many potent antimicrobial agents and treatment regimens. However, the course of history is often not without some irony, commonly perceived as being unpredictable by those who find themselves immersed in history’s path. In this sense, and despite the advances that were made in diagnostics and treatment during the past 70 years, TB continues to challenge mankind on numerous levels even today. The most recent emergence of multidrug-resistant and extensively-drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is only a small but significant reflection of the ongoing challenges in the attempt of eradicating this disease. Here we provide a review of the historic aspects of TB leading to a discussion of the current state of the approach to antituberculous treatment, including the aspects of microbiology, diagnostics, antimicrobial therapy, and public health.

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