alexa Two Centuries of Autopsies in the New England Journal of Medicine:Evolution of the Status of the Cadaver in Occidental Medicine (1812-2012) | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN 2332-0915

Anthropology
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Review Article

Two Centuries of Autopsies in the New England Journal of Medicine:Evolution of the Status of the Cadaver in Occidental Medicine (1812-2012)

Charlier Philippe1,2*, Lorin de la Grandmaison Geoffroy1 and Christian Herve2

1Department of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, University Hospital R. Poincare (AP-HP, UVSQ), 104 R. Poincaré boulevard, 92380 Garches, France

2Laboratory of Medical Ethics and Legal Medicine, University of Paris 5, 45 Saints Peres street, 75006 Paris, France

*Corresponding Author:
Philippe Charlier
Department of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
University Hospital R. Poincare (AP-HP, UVSQ)
104 R. Poincare boulevard, 92380 Garches, France
Tel: +33-1-47-10-76 80/89
Fax: +33-1-47-10-76-83
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 09, 2013; Accepted date: August 13, 2013; Published date: August 21, 2013

Citation: Philippe C, Lorin de la Grandmaison G, Herve C (2013) Two Centuries of Autopsies in the New England Journal of Medicine: Evolution of the Status of the Cadaver in Occidental Medicine (1812-2012). Anthropol 1:106. doi: 10.4172/2332-0915.1000106

Copyright: © 2013 Philippe C, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Medical autopsy is an incredible opportunity of putting the exact diagnosis on a patient. Through the frequency and evidence of autopsies in the Journal since its creation in 1812, how is it possible to describe the evolution of the status of the cadaver in occidental medicine during the past 200 years? Does a dead patient belong to its family or to physicians, at the service of medical knowledge and improving surgical procedures? Is the medical secret to be preserved or not, even for public personalities? Is it licit to say everything about the health of a patient, even with its previous consent? Was the journal, during its first 100 years of existence, a forensic one? Post-mortem utility of MD and VIP’s will be shown and discussed. Lastly, dangers of the autopsy, and chronic ineluctable decrease of its rate will be analyzed from 1812 until now.

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