Ultra-Late Onset Capsular Bag Distension Syndrome: Risk Factors and Characteristics on Scheimpflug Imaging
|Rishiraj Singh, Gaurav Gupta, Rohit Gupta, Parul Chawla Gupta and Jagat Ram*|
|Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical, India|
|Corresponding Author :||Dr Jagat Ram
Professor and Head, Advanced Eye Centre
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education
and Research, Chandigarh-160012, India
Email: [email protected]
|Received: July 03, 2015 Accepted: August 26, 2015 Published: August 31, 2015|
|Citation: Singh R, Gupta G, Gupta R, Gupta PC, Ram J (2015) “Ultra-Late Onset Capsular Bag Distension Syndrome: Risk Factors and Characteristics on Scheimpflug Imaging”. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 6:465. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000465|
|Copyright: © 2015 Singh R et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Background: To provide insights into the characteristic of ultra-late onset capsular bag distension syndrome (CBDS) after phacoemulsification.
Design: An interventional, retrospective case series at a tertiary care institute.
Participants: 5 Post-cataract surgery patients who presented with the retrolenticular fluid collection.
Methods: This is an interventional, retrospective case series of 5 cases who presented with clinical signs of ultralate CBDS>7 years after uneventful phacoemulsification with in-the-bag posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation at a tertiary care institute. Scheimpflug imaging was used in all cases in addition to slit lamp biomicroscopic examination to assess and diagnose the condition. Neodymium:Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (Nd:YAG) posterior capsulotomy was performed in all to treat the condition.
Main outcome measure: Results: All 5 patients presented with a milky fluid collection within the distended capsular bag without raised intraocular pressure or a shallow anterior chamber. Scheimpflug imaging confirmed the diagnosis in all cases and all eyes revealed a hyper-reflective space between the intraocular lens optic and the posterior capsule. Nd:YAG posterior capsulotomy was performed in all patients, with resolution of fluid and improvement of visual acuity.
Conclusion: Our case series showed that Scheimpflug imaging is a useful modality to diagnose ultra-late onset CBDS and to differentiate this condition from intraocular lens opacification and posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Nd:YAG posterior capsulotomy proved to be successful treatment for ultra-late CBDS with no significant change in biometric or refractive parameters. Keywords: Ultra-late capsular bag distension syndrome;