Undernutrition Risk, Overweight/Obesity, and Nutritional Care in Relation to Undernutrition Risk among Inpatients in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. A Hospital-Based Point Prevalence StudyAtika Khalaf1,2*, Vanja Berggren1,2, Hazzaa Al-Hazzaa3, Staffan Bergström2 and Albert Westergren1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Atika Khalaf
School of Health and Society, Kristianstad University
SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden
Tel: 044-12 96 51
E- mail: [email protected]
Received Date: November 28, 2011; Accepted Date: December 12, 2011; Published Date: December 14, 2011
Citation: Khalaf A, Berggren V, Al-Hazzaa H, Bergström S, Westergren A (2011) Undernutrition Risk, Overweight/Obesity, and Nutritional Care in Relation to Undernutrition Risk among Inpatients in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. A Hospital- Based Point Prevalence Study. J Nutr Disorders Ther 1:104. doi: 10.4172/2161-0509.1000104
Copyright: © 2011 Khalaf A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Undernutrition is a problem in institutional care, where 20–46% of all inpatients are classified as being “at nutritional risk”. This study explores the prevalence of undernutrition risk and overweight/obesity and the targeting of nutritional care in relation to undernutrition risk among inpatients in southwestern Saudi Arabia.
Methods: A cross-sectional, point prevalence study was carried out in a Central hospital in southwestern Saudi Arabia. The subjects were inpatients, over the age of 18 who had their nutritional status assessed. Moderate/high undernutrition risk was defined as the occurrence of at least two of: weight loss, low BMI, and/or eating difficulties. Overweight/obesity was graded by using Caucasian and Asian cut-offs for BMI.
Results: Out of 219 patients 166 (76%) agreed to participate (106 men and 60 women) with a significantly higher drop-out among women (n=35, 37% vs. men n=18, 14%). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of moderate/high undernutrition risk between men and women (40% vs. 38%) but more women (29% or 40%, depending on cut-off) than men (10% or 23%) were obese. Among patients at moderate/high undernutrition risk, more women (61%) than men (31%) were served small portions.
Conclusions: There is a need to increase awareness about nutrition among nurses, to implement nutritional guidelines and to do more research regarding overweight/obesity among the female population. Motivational strategies need to be developed to focus on increasing the Saudi female participation in research.