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ISSN: 2471-8726

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Case Report

Understanding the Importance of Gene and Environment in the Etiology and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in High-Risk Populations

strong>Marsha Samson1*, Tushar Trivedi2, Olubunmi Orekoya2 and Shraddha Vyas1,2

1Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

2Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Marsha Samson
Arnold School of Public Health
University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]

Received date: Mar 01 2016 Accepted date:  Apr 09, 2016 Published date: Apr 14, 2016

Citation: Samson M, Trivedi T, Orekoya O, Vyas S (2016) Understanding the Importance of Gene and Environment in the Etiology and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in High-Risk Populations. Oral health case Rep 1:112. doi:10.4172/2471-8726.1000112

Copyright: © 2016 Samson M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Current literature focuses on the complications and treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) while clustering environmental and genetic factors to explain the disease. Interventions proposed to reduce diabetes prevalence should focus predominantly on initiating active rapports of family members and promoting a more communicationoriented preventative approach between diabetics and non-diabetics. Due to varying risks in T2DM by race and ethnicity, these populations should follow race-appropriate guidelines to prevent further T2DM occurrence and complications. The review consists of information related to the genetic component of T2DM to help identify high-risk groups and focuses on the environmental aspect of the disease to help consider appropriate techniques to reduce disease burden. Genetic factors play important roles in the pathogenesis of diabetes and thus are an essential element of understanding the cause of the disease and possible methods of prevention. Focusing on high-risk groups with T2DM could have profound effects on the current health care situation. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology of diabetes in the United States and propose methods of preventing and delaying the development of T2DM in high-risk individuals.

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