Unspecified Non-communicable Diseases in Jamaica: Has the Time Come to Unravel this Label?
- *Corresponding Author:
- Bourne PA
Socio-Medical Research Institute
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received Date: March 12, 2014; Accepted Date: May 05, 2014; Published Date: May 07, 2014
Citation: Bourne PA, Francis C, Sharpe-Pryce C, Hudson-Davis A, Solan I, et al. (2014) Unspecified Non-communicable Diseases in Jamaica: Has the Time Come to Unravel this Label?. J Trop Dis 2:138. doi:10.4172/2329-891X.1000138
Copyright: © 2014 Bourne PA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: In 2007, for the first time in Jamaica unspecified chronic Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) became greater (26.3%) than the listed NCDs (hypertension, 23.1%; diabetes, 13.8%; arthritis, 6.3% and chronic respiratory disease, 10.7%). The time has come for scholars to unravel the unspecified NCDs.
Objectives: These are to evaluate unspecified chronic conditions, to provide a better understanding of whom and what constitutes this cohort, and make information available about the new unraveled unspecified NCDs in Jamaica.
Materials and methods: The dataset for 2007 Jamaica Survey of Living Conditions (JSLC) is used for this study. JSLC is a modification of the World Bank’s Household Living Standards Survey. It is a national representative crosssectional survey that is conducted annually. The sample for this research is 234 respondents who were classified as having other NCDs. Chi-square, independent sample t-test, analysis of variance and logistic regression are used to analyse the data.
Findings: The majority of the respondents are females (56%); 44% is in the wealthier classes; 37% in the poorer classes (20.1% below the poverty line); 42% reported having at least good self-rated health status; 56% dwell in rural areas; 23% is less than 16 years of age; 22% is at least 60 years of age; 16.7% have diabetes and chronic respiratory disease, and 33.2% have arthritis.
Conclusion: This study provides the framework for a better understanding of those with unspecified chronic conditions and offers policy makers and others pertinent health information and insights that can be used to conceptualize new treatment options.