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ISSN: 2167-1168

Journal of Nursing & Care
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Research Article

Unveiling the Meanings of Coronary Artery Disease for Menopausal Women: A Descriptive Study

Líscia Divana Carvalho Silva1* and Marli Villela Mamede2

Universidade Federal do Maranhão. São Luís, MA, Brazil

*Corresponding Author:
Rua Parnaíba
1 Apt. 700 - Casa do Morro
Torre Marcos Regadas, CEP: 65075-839
São Luís, MA, Brazil
Tel: +55 98 3272-8000
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: December 09, 2016; Accepted date: April 01, 2017; Published date: April 10, 2017

Citation: Silva LDC, Mamede MV (2017) Unveiling the Meanings of Coronary Artery Disease for Menopausal Women: A Descriptive Study. J Nurs Care 6:388. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000388

Copyright: © 2017 Silva LDC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

Objective: To understand the meaning attributed by menopausal women to coronary artery disease. Method: A descriptive and exploratory study of qualitative - quantitative approach, carried out between June and August 2013 in the cardiology service in north eastern Maranhão - Brazil. It was used the symbolic interactionism and the method of content analysis. In the quantitative phase, the data collection instrument was the Menopause Rating Scale with forty (40) women; from these 40 women, twenty five (25) took part in the qualitative phase. Results: The coronary artery disease is described as a serious and incurable manifestation of multifactorial nature, with intense symptoms, feelings and emotions (rapid heartbeat, palpitations, fatigue, pain, disability, dependence). Discussion: A change is revealed in their daily lives, what turns them into fragile, insecure women. A conflict between the desirable world and the real world, endowed with meaning and significance. Conclusion: Heart disease is responsible for the biggest changes in their lives, a threat to their physical and emotional integrity, placing them in the sick role.

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