Urinalysis - A Diagnostic Factor for Urolithiasis and Prognostic Factor for its Recurrence in Young Ruminants
- Corresponding Author:
- Mohsin Ali Gazi
Division of Surgery and Radiology
Sheri Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences
and Technology Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 17, 2015; Accepted May 16, 2016; Published May 20, 2016
Citation: Gazi MA, Makhdoomi DM, Mir SA, Sheikh GN (2016) Urinalysis - A Diagnostic Factor for Urolithiasis and Prognostic Factor for its Recurrence in Young Ruminants. J Vet Sci Technol 7:336. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000336
Copyright: © 2016 Gazi MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The experiment was a completely randomized block design with 6 groups awarded different treatments including 17 rams, 12 bucks and 113 calves. Animals clinically manifesting urolithiasis from field were merely screened as stone and non-stone formers. All replicates were run under different clinical situations with the objectives to screen calves as stone formers and non-stone formers and to ascertain recurrence risk due to residual fragments in future, and estimate urine biochemical analysis to ascertain a diagnostic factor for urolithiasis and prognostic factor for its recurrence that would help to evolve prophylactic protocol. Crystal formation indicated that urine was sufficiently saturated which support the formation and growth of uroliths. The, male calves showing numbers of crystals with a concomitant inflammatory process are at risk for calculi formation. Alterations in Urinary Calcium Phosphorous and Magnesium cannot be fixed as a diagnostic or prognostic value for detection of uroliths forming animals to a fear degree of accuracy. Urinalysis is simple and reliable test to confirm urinary tract disease and identify pathophysiology mechanisms associated with the underlying cause.