Use of Bioremediated Sewage Effluent for Fish SurvivalKanwal Waqar*, Iftihkar Ahmad, Rehana Kausa, Tuseef Tabassum and Ashiq Muhammad
PARC Institute of Advanced Studies in Agriculture, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Kanwal Waqar
PARC Institute of Advanced Studies in Agriculture
National Agricultural Research Centre
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date July 24, 2013; Accepted date July 25, 2013; Published date July 31, 2013
Citation: Waqar K, Ahmad I, Kausa R, Tabassum T, Muhammad A (2013) Use of Bioremediated Sewage Effluent for Fish Survival. J Biodivers Endanger Species 1:106. doi: 10.4172/2332-2543.1000106
Copyright: © 2013 Waqar K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Two fresh water fish species Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) and Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) were cultured to investigate the survival rate in bioremediated sewage effluent of Shehzad town, Islamabad, Pakistan. Two earthen ponds one with fresh water and second with bioremediated sewage effluent, with dimension of 20×40 m were selected at Fisheries and Aquaculture Programme, NARC. Fish survival was investigated after fortnight sampling. Physicochemical parameters of bioremediated water were within permissible limit recommended for fish. Less than one percent survival was observed in bioremdiated water pond whereas 100% fish survival was recorded in fresh water pond. Further investigation and results showed the higher level of ammonical nitrogen (31.08 mg/L), nitrate nitrogen (18.58 mg/L) and chlorides (39.61 mg/L) in bioremediated sewage water that were main cause of fish mortality. Complete fish survival was recorded in bioremediated sewage effluent after phytoremediation with Coontail (Ceratophyllum demersum) plant that has potential of removing ammonia, nitrates and chlorides from sewage waste water. This study showed that this treated sewage water required further treatment for removal of ammonical- N, nitrate- N and chlorides by using phytoremdiater Coontail (Ceratophyllum demersum).