Using Cybertherapy to Reduce Postoperative Anxiety in Cardiac Recovery Intensive Care Units
- *Corresponding Author:
- José Luis Mosso Vázquez
Hospital General, Department of Health Sciences
Universidad Panamericana, Mexico
Tel: (52) 55 28477827
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: September 06, 2013; Accepted date: October 29, 2013; Published date: October 31, 2013
Citation: Vázquez JLM, Santander A, Mosso Jr JL, Gao K, Wiederhold B, et al. (2013) Using Cybertherapy to Reduce Postoperative Anxiety in Cardiac Recovery Intensive Care Units. J Anesth Clin Res 4:363. doi: 10.4172/2155-6148.1000363
Copyright: © 2013 Vázquez JLM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Surgical anxiety creates psychological and physiological stress, causes complications in surgical procedures, and prolongs recovery. Relaxation of patients in postoperative intensive care units can moderate patient vital signs, reduce discomfort, and shorten length of stay. This study explores the use of virtual reality cybertherapy to reduce postoperative distress in patients that have recently undergone cardiac surgery. Twenty-two patients were monitored at IMSS La Raza National Medical Center within 24 hours of cardiac surgery. Patients navigated through a 30-minute virtual reality simulation designed for pain management and stress reduction. Results were analyzed through comparison of pre- and post-operative vital signs and Likert scale survey data. Likert test data showed that 21 of 22 subjects reported less discomfort after navigating through the virtual environment. Physiological data generally supported the Likert data, with 64% of patients lowering respiratory rate, moderated blood carbon dioxide levels, and decreased diastolic blood pressures in another 64% of patients. Thus, due to the innocuous and non-invasive nature of cybertherapy, virtual reality demonstrates promise in reducing postoperative anxiety.