Using Formative Research to Increase Purchase Intention of Fortified Foods to Prevent Micronutrient Deficiencies in VietnamTahir Turk1*, Rebecca Spohrer2, Caroline Manus2, Tran Khan Van3, Tran Thuy Nga3, Marie Nguyen2, Alia Poonawala2 and Garrett GS2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Tahir Turk
Communication Partners International
24 Dulwich Road, Springfield
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received date: June 23, 2016; Accepted date: July 27, 2016; Published date: July 29, 2016
Citation: Turk T, Spohrer R, Manus C, Khan Van T, Thuy Nga T, et al. (2016) Using Formative Research to Increase Purchase Intention of Fortified Foods to Prevent Micronutrient Deficiencies in Vietnam. J Nutr Food Sci 6:540. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000540
Copyright: © 2016 Turk T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objectives: Despite a period of rapid economic growth, poverty reduction and improved nutrient intakes, Iron deficient anaemia in pregnant women and malnutrition among children in Vietnam is a continuing problem with one of the most cost-effective interventions being iron fortification and supplementation. The objective of this study was to examine knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of mothers and fathers of young children, as well as program stakeholders in Vietnam, toward a logo developed for the national fortification program.
Methods: A rapid assessment and response method was utilized involving semi-structured interviews with stakeholders and focus group discussions with program beneficiaries from four locations in Vietnam. Discussion agenda addressed key program issues including attitudes toward a food fortification logo. Grounded theory supported data analysis.
Findings and discussion: Key findings explored general awareness, knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of fortified foods, including the fortified food logo, resource allocation, policies and partnerships. Benefits from the demand side was the importance by consumers identifying quality food products as opposed to counterfeit or substandard products, the need for a simple, easily recognizable logo, and product source credibility through government certification. However, barriers identified the relatively low awareness of the logo, and the potential confusion with other similar logo designs. Other barriers included the lack of endorsement by health authorities in promotional activities and the perceived lack of engagement in the fortification program by a number of private sector partners. Policy issues emphasised the need to support the promotion, distribution and endorsement of private sector fortified foods through a logo; and the need for greater fengagement by private sector partners on the evolution and promotion of the logo and food fortification program generally. Recommendations include the development of a social marketing strategy, the establishment of a Micronutrient Marketing Board and the potential to scale-up to a regional approach.