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ISSN: 2169-0316

Industrial Engineering & Management
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Research Article

Using Theory of Constraints to Control Manufacturing Systems: A Conceptual Model

Roberto Panizzolo1* and Patrizia Garengo2

1Department of Management and Engineering, University of Padua, Italy

2Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padua, Italy

*Corresponding Author:
Roberto Panizzolo
Department of Management and Engineering
University of Padua Via Venezia, Italy
Tel: +39 049 827 6727
Fax: +39 049 827 6716
E-mail: [email protected]

Received May 29, 2013; Accepted June 24, 2013; Published June 29, 2013

Citation: Panizzolo R, Garengo P (2013) Using Theory of Constraints to Control Manufacturing Systems: A Conceptual Model. Ind Eng Manage 2:111. doi:10.4172/2169-0316.1000111

Copyright: © 2013 Panizzolo R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Since the Goldratt and Cox’s (1984) seminal study, Theory of Constrains has evolved from a simple production scheduling software into a management philosophy, with practices and principles spanning a multitude of operation management disciplines. A variety of studies has investigated how production control is carried out in a Theory of Constrains environment, but most of research available lacks in providing an overall vision of this issue. In order to contribute to this gap, using theoretical investigation and the empirical study of five case studies, this article compares the characteristics of TOC with those typical of three shop floor control systems, i.e. MRP, JIT and Daily Rate. As result, the research identifies an interpretative framework based on the distinguishing characteristics of Theory of Constrains. The framework supports the analysis of the nature and scope of these four systems by highlighting the main differences between them.


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