alexa Utility of Aromatic Plants for the Biotechnological Production of Sustainable Chemical and Pharmaceutical Feedstocks
ISSN: 2167-0412

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
Open Access

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Review Article

Utility of Aromatic Plants for the Biotechnological Production of Sustainable Chemical and Pharmaceutical Feedstocks

Bernd Markus Lange*, Iris Lange, Glenn W Turner and Blake K Herron
Institute of Biological Chemistry and M.J. Murdock Metabolomics Laboratory, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA
Corresponding Author : Bernd Markus Lange, Ph.D
Associate Professor, Institute of Biological Chemistry
M.J. Murdock Metabolomics Laboratory
Washington State University
Pullman, WA 99164-6340, USA
Tel: (509) 335-3794
Fax: (509) 335-7643
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 29, 2013; Accepted August 19, 2013; Published August 22, 2013
Citation: Lange BM, Lange I, Turner GW, Herron BK (2013) Utility of Aromatic Plants for the Biotechnological Production of Sustainable Chemical and Pharmaceutical Feedstocks. Med Aromat Plants 2:133. doi:10.4172/2167-0412.1000133
Copyright: © 2013 Lange BM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Currently, transportation fuels and many platform chemicals are derived primarily from petroleum. The use of this finite resource contributes substantially to the dangerous build-up of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere, which has led to an increasing demand for sustainably produced fuels and chemicals. Aromatic plants accumulate terpenoids and phenylpropanoids with physicochemical properties similar to those of petrochemical feedstocks. They are also a source of bioactive compounds used by the agrochemical and pharmaceutical industries. Recent successes with engineering the terpenoid pathway indicate that aromatic plants have the potential to play an important role in providing chemical and pharmaceutical feedstocks from renewable sources. In this review, we critically assess the current status of the field and discuss different biotechnological approaches to enhance the accumulation of commercially valuable target terpenoids.

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