Vaccination of Infants and Health Beliefs of Ultra-Orthodox Mothers
Meital Simhi, Yana Shraga and Orly Sarid*
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Social Work, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva, 84105, Israel
- *Corresponding Author:
- Orly Sarid
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Department of Social Work, P.O. Box 653
Beer-Sheva, 84105, Israel
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 15, 2013; Accepted date: November 16, 2013; Published date: November 20, 2013
Citation: Simhi M, Shraga Y, Sarid O (2013) Vaccination of Infants and Health Beliefs of Ultra-Orthodox Mothers. J Vaccines Vaccin 5:213. doi:10.4172/2157-7560.1000213
Copyright: © 2013 Simhi M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: This study looked at mothers from the ultra-orthodox Jewish sector with the objective of obtaining information about their health beliefs and the behavior of these mothers regarding vaccination of their infants. Methods: The study took place between April- December 2009. A snowball technique of sampling was chosen, a technique that is frequently used in studies conducted among minority groups. Inclusion criteria were mothers under thirty years old. The questionnaire was filled out about children whose ages ranged from 18 months to 24 months. We contacted 127 ultra-orthodox mothers, of whom 85 (66.9%) consented to participate in the study and filled out the following questionnaires: Health Beliefs, Religious Beliefs, and demographic data. Vaccination behaviors were obtained by reviewing infant vaccination cards. Analysis of data included descriptive statistics, linear regressions and path-analysis model (SEM). Results: Most ultra-orthodox mothers vaccinate their infants against Hepatitis B (HBV-97%), polio (IPV-89.9%), Diphtheria,Tetanus, Pertussis (DTaP-89.9%), Haemophilus influenza b (Hib-89.9%), pneumococcal infections (PCV13-87.3%), Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR-88.6%) and Varicella (Var-88.6%). Linear regression analysis and the path analysis model revealed that a mother’s vaccination behavior at a given time (t) is influenced by her vaccination behavior at a previous time (t-1): for example, vaccination behavior up to age two months is the most powerful predictor of vaccination behavior at the age of four months. Conclusions: It seems that the mothers’ behavior toward vaccinating their infants at age two months is critical to the continued shaping and stabilization of a regimen of vaccinations over the following months.