Vaccination Programs among Urban Homeless Populations: A Literature Review
Stephen P Wood*
Nurse Practitioner, Winchester Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Winchester, MA, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Stephen P Wood
69 Pleasant St. Boston
MA 02125, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 11, 2011; Accepted date: October 27, 2012; Published date: October 30, 2012
Citation: (2012) Vaccination Programs among Urban Homeless Populations: A Literature Review. J Vaccines Vaccin 3:156. doi:10.4172/2157-7560.1000156
Copyright: © 2012 Wood SP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Vaccination programs are an important component of public health initiatives and preventative medicine. This is particularly true in an urban environment where such factors as density, sanitation and pollution increase exposure to a variety of communicable disease. The most vulnerable populations such as slum-dwelling poor, homeless individuals and the elderly-poor are both more prone to exposure to communicable disease and to having a more limited access to the receipt of appropriate vaccinations to prevent them. A variety of programs have been utilized to maximize delivery of important vaccines to homeless individuals. Monetary incentives, education and ease of access are components of some of the more successful vaccination programs. This paper will provide a literature review of barriers to vaccination in homeless populations, programs and initiatives as well as future directions for vaccination programs.