alexa Validity and Reliability of Timed Up and Go Test on Dynamic Balance in 3-5 Years Old Preschool Children
ISSN: 2157-7595

Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy
Open Access

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Research Article

Validity and Reliability of Timed Up and Go Test on Dynamic Balance in 3-5 Years Old Preschool Children

Lei Y1*, Lam CKY2, Lam MHS2, Peake R2, Wong ASW3, Flint SW4, Lee KY5, Li WHC6 and Ho E6

1School of Physical Education, University of Jinan, Shandong, China

2Academy of Sport and Physical Activity, Sheffield Hallam University, UK

3Research Support Unit, Vocational Training Council, Hong Kong

4Leeds Beckett University, West Yorkshire, UK

5Vocational Training Council, Hong Kong

6School of Nursing, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

*Corresponding Author:
Lei Y
School of Physical Education
University of Jinan, Shandong, China
Tel: +86 531 8276 5454
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 26, 2017; Accepted date: June 15, 2017; Published date: June 22, 2017

Citation: Lei Y, Lam CKY, Lam MHS, Peake R, Wong ASW, et al. (2017) Validity and Reliability of Timed Up and Go Test on Dynamic Balance in 3-5 Years Old Preschool Children. J Yoga Phys Ther 7:266. doi:10.4172/2157-7595.1000266

Copyright: © 2017 Lei Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) among normal 3-5 years old preschool children in Hong Kong. Methods: Cross-sectional design was applied to this study. Sixty (30 female, 30 male) preschool children aged from 3 to 5 years old (mean age=4.22 ± 0.85) from local normal preschool was recruited using convenient sampling to perform three dynamic balance tests: Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and the Pediatric Balance Scale Test (PBS). A simple self-administrative questionnaire survey was also conducted with their parents. Results: Positive correlation (r=0.74, p<0.05) was found between TUG results obtained at two time points when assessing the test-retest reliability. Moderated negative correlations were found between TUG and SEBT or PBS, which indicated children with longer reaching distance or higher PBS score tend to use shorter time to complete TUG. Conclusion: TUG was a valid and reliable tool for assessing dynamic balance of preschool children aged between 3 and 5 years old. This can also be used for screening or early detection of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) for children aged 6 years old or younger.


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