alexa Value of Visual Screening by Medical Doctors in Diagnosing Alcohol Abuse: A Prospective Study
ISSN: 2329-6488

Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Value of Visual Screening by Medical Doctors in Diagnosing Alcohol Abuse: A Prospective Study

P Chevalley1, J Gauthey1*, D Pignat2, M Faouzi3, V Darioli1 and D Genné1

1Hôpital neuchâtelois, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland

2Hôpital neuchâtelois, Neuchâtel, Switzerland

3Center of Clinical Epidemiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland

*Corresponding Author:
Jérôme Gauthey
Resident in internal medicine
Hôpital neuchâtelois
La Chaux-de-Fonds, Spitalzentrum
Vogelsang 84, 2501 Biel/Bienne, Switzerland
Tel: +41-223-001-2 10
Fax: +41-223-001-274
E-mail: [email protected] szb-chb.ch

Received date: August 11, 2015; Accepted date: August 26, 2015; Published date: August 31, 2015

Citation: Chevalley P, Gauthey J, Pignat D, Faouzi M, Darioli V, et al. (2015) Value of Visual Screening by Medical Doctors in Diagnosing Alcohol Abuse: A Prospective Study. J Alcohol Drug Depend 3:219. doi: 10.4172/23296488.1000219

Copyright: © 2015 Chevalley P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Goal of the study: To determine the ability of physicians to identify persons suffering from alcohol abuse by a visual first-look evaluation and to assess the impact of the examiner’s clinical experience on the accurateness of the evaluation. Method: 28 Doctors working in two hospitals determine with a rapid visual contact if 157 in-patients suffer from alcohol abuse. Every patient was independently evaluated for alcohol abuse based upon the CAGE questionnaire and DSM-IV criteria, considered together as “gold standard”. Results: 1118 evaluations were performed. Alcohol abuse was diagnosed in 19.7%, using gold-standard. The specificity of a visual first-look evaluation was 90.55%, the positive predictive value 62.5% and the positive likelihood ratio 3.89. The sensitivity was 40%. There was no statistically significant difference in performance according to clinical experience. Conclusions: Sensitivity of rapid visual inspection for diagnostic of alcohol abuse is weak and thus not appropriate for screening. Specificity, however, approaches that of CAGE. Clinical experience of the examiner had no impact on performance.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords