Vascular Complications in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: An ObservationalStudySara Campos*, Francisco Portela and Carlos Sofia
Gastroenterology Departement, Coimbra University Hospital, Coimbra, Portugal
- *Corresponding Author:
- Sara Campos
Coimbra University Hospital
Coimbra, Avenida Forças Armadas
39-3 dto1600, Portugal
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 28, 2016; Accepted date: August 10, 2016; Published date: August 16, 2016
Citation: Campos S, Portela F, Sofia C (2016) Vascular Complications in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: An Observational Study. J Inflam Bowel Dis & Disord 1:111.
Copyright: © 2016 Campos S et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abstract Introduction: Increasing evidence has raised an alert about the potential risk of vascular complications in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Estimating the magnitude of this risk is imperative to better address IBD patients. The aim of this study was to determine the venous (VTE) and Arterial Thromboembolic Events rates (ATE), as well as the Cardiovascular Events (CVE) and related mortality in IBD inpatients. Methods: Retrospective study including all inpatients from a tertiary hospital with IBD from 1st August 2006 to 31st May 2013 with an episode of VTE/ATE/CVE. The population was characterized using the following variables: IBD (age of diagnosis, type, location/extension/behavior using Montreal classification, activity, medication), vascular complication (diagnosis age, type, location), classical VTE and ATE/CVE risk factors, pharmacological venous thromboembolism prophylaxis and outcome (recurrence, 30-day mortality). Results: We recorded 774 admissions of IBD patients, 28 (3.6%) with thromboembolic episode: 57% male gender; average age 58 ± 17 years (13.8%