alexa Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP): Clinical Strategies, Treatment Challenges and Economic Concerns
ISSN: 0975-0851

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability
Open Access

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Review Article

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP): Clinical Strategies, Treatment Challenges and Economic Concerns

Zubair S1, Ali H2*, Zafar F3, Beg AE1, Sial AA1, Naveed S4, Saleem S5 and Tariq A1

1Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan

2Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan

3Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan

4Faculty of Pharmacy, Jinnah University for Women, Karachi, Pakistan

5National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Karachi, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author:
Huma Ali
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jinnah Sindh Medical University
Karachi, Pakistan
Tel: 923002621917
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 14, 2017; Accepted Date: May 29, 2017; Published Date: June 08, 2017

Citation: Zubair S, Ali H, Zafar F, Beg AE, Sial AA, et al. (2017) Ventilator- Associated Pneumonia (VAP): Clinical Strategies, Treatment Challenges and Economic Concerns. J Bioequiv Availab 9:432-436. doi: 10.4172/jbb.1000338

Copyright: © 2017 Zubair S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The clinical and economic features of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) are quite unclear, with an extensive array of values and contradictory results. The real challenge in this connection is to present the real estimate of the clinical and associated economic consequences of VAP. In developing countries like Pakistan, it is important to formulate an optimal institutional antimicrobial policy that can be used as a guide for empirical/prophylactic and specific therapies of antibiotics in VAP with more rational approach to lessen the rates of mortality and morbidity, decline the length of treatment and hospitalization and the significant impact in prevention of development of multidrug resistant strains and cost reduction.


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