alexa Vertebral Destruction Syndrome: From Knowledge to Practice | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7939

Journal of Spine
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Review Article

Vertebral Destruction Syndrome: From Knowledge to Practice

Jose Maria Jimenez-Avila1,2, Mario Alberto Cahueque-Lemus3, Andres Enrique Cobar-Bustamante3 and Maria Cristina Bregni-Duraés4
1Spine Surgeon, Western Medical Center Hospital, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
2Faculty of Medicine professor, Mexican Institute of Social Security, TEC de Monterrey, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
3Orthopedic Surgeon, Western Medical Center Hospital, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
4Orthopedic Surgeon, Guatemalan Social Security Institute, Guatemala, Guatemala, Mexico
Corresponding Author : Jose Maria Jimenez Avila
Spine Surgeon, Western Medical Center Hospital
Faculty of Medicine Professor, Mexican Institute of Social Security
TEC de Monterrey, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Tel: 3310704802
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: July 08, 2015 Accepted: August 11, 2015 Published: August 13, 2015
Citation: Jimenez-Avila JM, Cahueque-Lemus MA, Cobar-Bustamante AE, Bregni-Duraés MC (2015) Vertebral Destruction Syndrome: From Knowledge to Practice. J Spine 4:251.doi:10.4172/2165-7939.1000251
Copyright: © 2015 Jimenez-Avila JM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

The term Vertebral Destruction Syndrome comprises pathologies causing structural changes in the spine in the vertebral body mainly producing mechanical deformity and neurological involvement. Among the pathologies found in this definition are infectious and metabolic tumors. The vertebral osteomyelitis is a disease that occurs mainly in adults >50 years; we speak of spondylodiscitis when condition affects the disc and vertebral body. The most important in the vertebral body is Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis, seen in over 50% of cases. Tumors of the spine can start from local or adjacent spinal injuries or distant spread through the blood or lymphatic. Metastases injuries account for about 97% of all tumors of the spine. Primary tumors that most commonly spread to spine is lung, prostate, breast and kidney. Metabolic bone diseases are a group of disorders that occur as a result of changes in calcium metabolism, spine contains large amounts of metabolically active cancellous bone, which must withstand axial loads during stance, and osteoporosis is a metabolic disease that most commonly affects the spine, characterized by low bone mass.

The diagnosis of these entities is important for treatment and prognosis of the patient, the term Vertebral Destruction Syndrome proposes a notarized scheme aimed at improving patient prognosis and their prompt treatment.

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