alexa Visceral Leishmaniasis: A Brazilian Perspective
ISSN: 2329-891X

Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health
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Review Article

Visceral Leishmaniasis: A Brazilian Perspective

Andréia Patrícia Gomes1*, Paulo Sérgio Balbino Miguel1, Rodrigo Roger Vitorino2, Marisa Dibbern Lopes Correia3, Ronny Francisco de Souza4, Rodrigo de Barros Freitas4, Juliana Lopes Rangel Fietto5, Luiz Alberto Santana1, Mauro Geller6 and Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista7

1Laboratório de Agentes Patogênicos (LAP), Departamento de Medicina e Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, MG, Brazil.

2Curso de Medicina, Centro Universitário Serra dos Órgãos (UNIFESO), Teresópolis, RJ, Brazil.

3Departamento de Medicina e Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, MG, Brazil.

4Curso de Ciências Biológicas, Centro Universitário de Caratinga (UNEC), Caratinga, MG, Brazil.

5Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, MG, Brazil.

6School of Medicine, New York University (NYU), NY, USA. Curso de Medicina, Centro Universitário Serra dos Órgãos (UNIFESO), Teresópolis, RJ, Brazil.

7Laboratório de Métodos Epidemiológicos e Computacionais em Saúde (LMECS), Departamento de Medicina e Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, MG, Brasil. Curso de Medicina, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga (FADIP), Ponte Nova, MG, Brazil. Programa de Pós-graduação em Bioética, Ética Aplicada e Saúde Coletiva (PPGBIOS), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

*Corresponding Author:
Prof. Andréia Patrícia Gomes
Universidade Federal de Viçosa
Departamento de Medicina e Enfermagem
Laboratório de Agentes Patogênicos. Avenue
PH Rolfs s / n, University Campus
Viçosa, MG, CEP 36571-000, Brazil
Tel: + 55 3138993978
Fax: + 55 31 38994083
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 04, 2016; Accepted Date: January 28, 2016; Published Date: February 04, 2016

Citation: Gomes AP, Miguel PSB, Vitorino RR, Correia MDL, Souza RFD, et al. (2016) Visceral Leishmaniasis: A Brazilian Perspective. J Trop Dis 4: 202.doi:10.4172/2329-891X.1000202

Copyright: © 2016 Gomes AP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: The scope of this paper is to present the main aspects related to the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis and implications of this interaction with the human host, allowing the improvement of health care actions.
Methods:
The paper was put together based on a literature review with a defined search strategy. To obtain the articles we consulted the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and the U. S. National Library of Medicine (PubMed).
Results: The leishmaniases are a group of diseases that pose a serious public health problem in at least 88 countries, and are included among the six priority endemic diseases in the world, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In this scenario the visceral form stands out kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis) which, despite its endemic nature, has been reported in different areas of Latin America associated with the process of expansion and urbanization, as well as the unchecked deforestation.
Conclusion: The importance of this discussion of the clinical and diagnostic aspects of VL relates particularly to delayed diagnosis of cases by professionals unfamiliar with the disease – which is becoming quite common due to the intense flow of people in the world resulting in the delayed initiation of therapy.

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