alexa Vitamin D Status and its Receptor Genes BsmI, FokI, Apa
ISSN: 1747-0862

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Vitamin D Status and its Receptor Genes BsmI, FokI, ApaI, TaqI Polymorphism in Relation to Glucose Metabolism in Obese Iraqi Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Al-Darraji SZ1, Al-Azzawie HF1* and Al-Kharsani AR2

1College of Science, Baghdad University, Iraq

2Iraqi National Diabetic Center, College of Medicine, Al-Mustansiryia University, Iraq

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Hassan F. Al-Azzawie
College of Science, Baghdad University, Iraq
Tel: 964770 7160860
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 07, 2017; Accepted date: April 17, 2017; Published date: April 20, 2017

Citation: Al-Darraji SZ, Al-Azzawie HF, Al-Kharsani AR (2017) Vitamin D Status and its Receptor Genes BsmI, FokI, ApaI, TaqI Polymorphism in Relation to Glucose Metabolism in Obese Iraqi Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. J Mol Genet Med 11:260 doi: 10.4172/1747-0862.1000260

Copyright: © 2017 Al-Darraji SZ, et al . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

 

Abstract

Background: Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms are possibly involved in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the data to date have been inconclusive. Previous studies have suggested an influence of vitamin D receptor alleles on glucose metabolism and on susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus in different ethnic populations through the action of vitamin D endocrine system which related with calcification and lipolysis, insulin secretion, and may be associated with many complicated disease including diabetes. To investigate the relationship between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of VDR gene and T2DM more studies had been done. However, different results have been found in different spots of the world. Therefore, more studies are needed to understand the variation in these results. This is the first study that shows the implication of the SNP of VDR gene in T2DM in Iraqi patients.

Objective: To assess the correlation between serum 25(OH)D3 levels, and vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms (Fok1, BsmI, TaqI and ApaI), and glycemic control in obese T2DM Iraqi population, this study was performed.

Materials and methods: 200 clinically diagnosed T2DM patients, distributed into three subgroups according to therapeutic pattern and 75 healthy controls from the Iraqi population were recruited in this study. The association between the VDR gene SNPs and the T2DM was determined using Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique, and genotype and allele frequencies were calculated between the T2DM and control groups.

Results: No significant differences between mean age and the body mass index between both case and control groups were observed. According to current glycemic control consensus, results demonstrated only 20.5 percent of the T2DM patients met this target, which meant that 79.5 percent of the cases were suffering from poor glycemic control 25(OH)D3 levels were significantly lower in the T2DM patients than in the control group, being 17.49 ± 1.12 ng/ml and 31.26 ± 1.25 ng/ml, in the patient and control groups, respectively (p<0.001, Student’s t-test). 25(OH) D3 levels were found to be inversely associated with HbA1c levels in the T2DM patients (p<0.001, r2=0.058). In the group of T2DM patients, 160 of 200 (80 percent) as opposed to 2 of 75 (2.6 percent) in the non-diabetic l group had lower, 25(OH)D3 levels ≤ 20 ng/ml (chi-squared test, p<0.001), while in the group of type 2 patients, 15 of 200 (7.5 percent) as opposed to 5 of 75 (6.6 percent) in the control group, had vitamin D insufficiency, 25(OH)D3 levels > 20 < 30 ng/ml (chi-squared test, p<0.0001). The gene polymorphism analysis for T2DM showed that genotype and alleles frequencies for the VDR genes were in agreement with Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium in all cases.

Conclusion: VDR gene polymorphism analysis revealed that neither genotypes nor alleles of VDR BsmI, ApaI showed a significant variation between T2DM patients and controls. In contrast‚ the FF genotype of VDR FokI and TT genotype of VDR TaqI showed a significant (P<0.0001) increase in T2DM patients in comparison to controls. FF and TT homozygotes had significantly higher baseline fasting glucose and HOMI-IR levels than f allele carriers. In addition, data found significantly elevated interlukin IL-6, TNF-α, IL -1β and decreased osteocalcin in association with the Taq1 polymorphism.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords