Waste Amount Survey and Physio-Chemical Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Generated in Gujranwala-Pakistan
Kashif Nadeem*, Kiran Farhan and Hassan Ilyas
Department of Solid Waste Management, The Urban Unit, Lahore, Pakistan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Nadeem K
Research Analyst, Department of Solid Waste Management
The Urban Unit Lahore, Pakistan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 19, 2015; Accepted date: December 29, 2015; Published date: January 06, 2016
Citation: Nadeem K, Farhan K, Ilyas H (2016) Waste Amount Survey and Physio-Chemical Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Generated in Gujranwala-Pakistan. J Waste Resources 6:196. doi: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000196
Copyright: © 2016 Nadeem K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Due to rapid population growth, increased industrial development and enhanced living standard, the per capita waste generation rates has been increased in the urban areas. The composition of the solid waste varies from region to region depending upon the income level, climatic conditions, social behavior and industrial production; influencing the per capita waste generation. The current study attempts to document the waste generation rates, composition and physio-chemical characteristics of the municipal solid waste produced in the Gujranwala City. The study was carried out for 8 days from 9-16 February 2015. For all physio-chemical analysis and testing standard ASTM methods have been used. The results of the study reveals that, all waste types contains 67 % to 99.1 % organic waste except street sweeping which have the lowest organic content (30%).Whereas, non-biodegradable fraction varies between 0.5 % to 4.5 % for all types of wastes. The accumulative apparent specific gravity was found 234 kg/m3. The chemical parameters (moisture, ash and combustible fraction) were found within optimum range.