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Wastewater Reuse in Kuwait and Its Impact on Amounts of Pollutants Discharged into the Sea | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
Open Access

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Research Article

Wastewater Reuse in Kuwait and Its Impact on Amounts of Pollutants Discharged into the Sea

B Al-Anzi1, A Abusam2* and A Shahalam2
1Environmental Technology Department and Management, College for Women, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 5969 Safat, Kuwait
2Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Water Resources Division, Water Technologies Department, P.O. Box 24885 Safat 13109, Kuwait
Corresponding Author : A Abusam
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
Water Resources Division
Water Technologies Department
P.O. Box 24885 Safat 13109, Kuwait
Tel: +965-4672223
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 01, 2011; Accepted May 24, 2012; Published May 26, 2012
Citation: Al-Anzi B, Abusam A, Shahalam A (2012) Wastewater Reuse in Kuwait and Its Impact on Amounts of Pollutants Discharged into the Sea. J Environ Anal Toxicol S3:003. doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.S3-003
Copyright: © 2012 Al-Anzi B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Kuwait has recently implemented a vigorous campaign that aims to reclaim and reuse all treated wastewater. This paper presents the present status of wastewater treatment, reclamation and reuse in Kuwait, and discusses the impact of wastewater reuse on the amounts of pollutants discharged into the sea. Analysis of the historical records of the wastewater treatment plants has indicated that the reuse of reclaimed wastewater in Kuwait has greatly reduced the amounts of pollutants discharged into the sea, from about 65% of treated wastewater in year 2000 to less than 30% in year 2010. However, the amounts of treated wastewater discharged into the sea were predicted to start increasing again by the year 2020, especially if the future plans of the Ministry of Public Works (MPW) will not be implemented by that time.

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