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ISSN: 2157-7587

Hydrology: Current Research
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Research Article

Water Use and Related Costs at Households in Western and Northern Parts of India

Anand Krishnan Plappally1*, Ankur Hasija1, Jonathan Kusins2, Malini Jhaver2, Allen Chee2, Anirudha Panditrao2, Niket Kumar Singh1, Nitesh Kumar1, Kuldeep Singh1, Nishant Kumar1, Nitin Katiyar1, Yogesh Kumar1, Chetram Meena1, Prateek Jawalkar1, Ganduri Rahul Goutham1, Pura Ram1, Shravan Mishra1, Aman Doharey1, Anil Kumar Alwaria1, Aditya Budaraju1, Aditya Ranjan1, Harshit Kumar Pancholi1, Jagmohan Shreerao1, Atul Kumar1, George Kodimattam Joseph1 and Rahul Singhal1
1Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, USA
2Department of Neurology, Covenant Hospital, Waterloo, USA
Corresponding Author : Anand Krishnan Plappally
Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur
Old Residency Road, Ratanada
Jodhpur-342 011, Rajasthan, India E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 13, 2013; Accepted November 15, 2013; Published November 25, 2013
Citation: Plappally AK, Hasija A, Kusins J, Jhaver M, Chee A, et al. (2013) Water Use and Related Costs at Households in Western and Northern Parts of India. Hydrol Current Res 4:158. doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000158
Copyright: © 2013 Plappally AK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

This article elaborates a survey on water use events and activities in households. The survey inquires socioeconomic aspects, technology, processes and devices which may play an important role in these water use events. Processes like washing clothes and utensils, cooking refrigeration and heating are discussed. Devices like water purifiers, air-coolers, and toilets are qualitatively analyzed. Water use events such as bathing and brushing teeth are studied. The survey in online format and printed version was randomly responded by one hundred sixty people including fifty three family heads within city of Jodhpur, India. More than hundred respondents answered the online questionnaire from Mandi in north India, Delhi, the national capital territory and Jodhpur in west India. More than ninety per cent of the respondents were males. Climate of the regions mentioned above played a decisive role in water consumption. The general public was very much unaware of the policies of the government towards water conservation and management. Advertisements by vendors were found to misguide consumers providing importance to aesthetic features rather than technical specification. The implications of this study helps in becoming environmentally aware of how human actions affect the management of water and related energy use at households.

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