Weight Status, Physical Activity and the Associations with Health Related Physical Fitness in Nine to Twelve Year Old Scottish Children
David T Gray, Julien S Baker and Duncan S Buchan*
Institute for Clinical Exercise and Health Science, School of Science, University of the West of Scotland, Hamilton, ML3 0JB, Scotland, UK
- *Corresponding Author:
- Duncan Buchan
Institute of Clinical Exercise and Health Science
University of the West of Scotland , Almada Street
Hamilton, South Lanarkshire ML3 0JB, Scotland, UK
Tel: 01698 283100
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: September 04, 2013; Accepted Date: September 19, 2013; Published Date: September 26, 2013
Citation: Gray DT, Baker JS, Buchan DS (2013) Weight Status, Physical Activity and the Associations with Health Related Physical Fitness in Nine to Twelve Year Old Scottish Children. J Sports Med Doping Stud 3:129. doi:10.4172/2161-0673.1000129
Copyright: © 2013 Gray DT, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Purpose: This study examines the associations of both BMI and waist circumference measurements to health related physical fitness.
Methods: The sample included 43 boys and 49 girls (10.7 ± 0.89 years). Measures included height, weight, BMI and waist circumference, physical activity (PAQ-C) and measures of physical fitness; cardio respiratory and muscular fitness.
Results: Girls were stronger on the handgrip test (P=0.045) and had a higher BMI than boys (P=0.041). Boys performed better than girls for the standing broad jump (P=0.006) and cardio respiratory fitness shuttle run (P=0.030) but not on the handgrip test. 29% (37% of girls and 21% of boys) of participants were either overweight or obese. Participants with a higher BMI performed significantly poorer than their healthy counterparts on the standing broad jump (P=0.003) and cardio respiratory fitness shuttle run (P=0.002). Similar results were found in the larger waist circumference group, standing broad jump (P=0.044) and cardio respiratory fitness shuttle run (P=0.032). Finally, participants with a higher BMI or waist circumference had a greater score for the hand grip test (P=0.006; P=0.004).
Conclusion: Early detection of poor weight status and low physical fitness are important so that those in need of intervention can be targeted as early as possible.