What Factors Determines the FDI Net Flows in Africa? GMM and PMG Techniques
Abdelbagi E*, Azali M, Azman H and Norashidah Md Nor
Department of Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Abdelbagi E
Lecturer, Department of Economics
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
E-mail: a.abd[email protected]
Received October 30, 2015; Accepted December 29, 2015; Published January 05, 2016
Citation: Abdelbagi E, Azali M, Azman H, Md Nor N (2016) What Factors Determines the FDI Net Flows in Africa? GMM and PMG Techniques. J Glob Econ 4:170. doi:10.4172/2375-4389.1000170
Copyright: © 2016 Abdelbagi E, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study investigated the determinants of FDI in Africa during the time period from 1974 to 2013, and annual data from the World Bank, African Union and United Nation. The study used GMM estimator and conducted three estimations, namely, 5 years, 8 years and 10 years average’ estimations. Besides, to robustness check the results, the study used PMG estimator and therefore the full sample countries has been divided into three groups according to the income level, namely, low-income, lower middle-income and upper middle-income groups. The results suggested that the net inflows of the FDI in Africa are determined by economic growth, human capital, infrastructure, domestic investment and trade openness of the region.