alexa What's Wrong with Gamete Donation?(Legal and Ethical Status of Gametes in Assisted Reproduction Techniques) | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2375-4508

Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology
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Review Article

What's Wrong with Gamete Donation?(Legal and Ethical Status of Gametes in Assisted Reproduction Techniques)

Eduardo Osuna1*, Vera L Raposo2 and Francisco Machado3
1Department of Legal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
2Faculty of Law - University of Coimbra, 3004-454 Coimbra, Portugal
3Department of Gynecology, School of Medicine, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
*Corresponding Author : Eduardo Osuna
Department of Legal Medicine
School of Medicine
University of Murcia
30100 Murcia, Spain
E-mail: [email protected]
Received October 25, 2012; Accepted November 21, 2012; Published November 23, 2012
Citation: Osuna E, Raposo VL, Machado F (2012) What’s Wrong with Gamete Donation?(Legal and Ethical Status of Gametes in Assisted Reproduction Techniques). J Fert In Vitro 2:115. doi: 10.4172/2165-7491.1000115
Copyright: © 2012 Osuna E, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Treatment with gametes donated by subjects other than those who wish to be parents is offered as part of assisted reproduction techniques in many countries. Ethical and legal concerns concerning gamete donation are discussed. Gamete donation constitutes a legal transaction, whose form is basically that of a contract, and in fact we are dealing here with a strictly regulated contractual object. The debate lies in considerations of legality and proprietorship. However, gametes cannot be compared with other parts of the human body. Their ability to originate another human being gives them a special status, which entails moral concerns. Nevertheless, and despite the fact that ethical evaluations may be a critical aspect, they cannot determine the legality of the act.

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