Wind and Geothermal Energy in Desalination: A Short Review on Progress and Sustainable Commercial Processes
Abusharkh AG, Giwa A and Hasan SW*
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 54224, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
- *Corresponding Author:
- Hasan SW
Department of Chemical and EnvironmentalEngineering
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 54224
AbuDhabi, United Arab Emirates
Tel: 971 2 810 9237
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: September 09, 2015 Accepted: September 21, 2015 Published: September 23, 2015
Citation: Abusharkh AG, Giwa A, Hasan SW (2015) Wind and Geothermal Energy in Desalination: A Short Review on Progress and Sustainable Commercial Processes. Ind Eng Manage 4:175. doi:10.4172/2169-0316.1000175
Copyright: © 2015 Abusharkh AG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Fossil fuels have been used as the main energy source for the desalination technologies. The continued increase in the demand for desalinated water has resulted in rising greenhouse gas emissions and threat to available fuel reserves. Consequently, most commercial desalination processes powered by fossil fuels have significantly contributed to environmental pollution. Renewable energy comes into the picture as an environmental friendly option as well as a means of fossil energy minimization. In this paper, a review on the use of renewable energy in recent desalination processes has been carried, with a focus on wind and geothermal energy.