Women’s Perception and Attitude towards Male Dominancy and Controlling Behaviors
- Corresponding Author:
- Tazeen Saeed Ali
School of Nursing and Midwifery & Community Health Sciences
Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 15, 2014; Accepted Date: July 14, 2014; Published Date: July 21, 2014
Citation: Ali TS, Karamali N, Malik O (2014) Women’s Perception and Attitude towards Male Dominancy and Controlling Behaviors. Arts Social Sci J S1:004. doi:10.4172/2151-6200.S1-004
Copyright: © 2014 Ali TS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction/Background: The study was conducted in urban Karachi, Pakistan to investigate women’s perceptions and attitudes towards male dominancy, female autonomy, and controlling behavior of husbands.
Method: This was investigated in a population based study with a cross-sectional design, involving married women aged 25 to 60 years. A Structured questionnaire developed by World Health Organisation (WHO) on violence was used. Community midwives interviewed these married women living in pre-selected low, middle and upper socio-economic areas of urban Karachi, Pakistan.
Findings: This study revealed women’s overall perception regarding male dominancy and controlling behavior and highlighted this attitude, as being acceptable to women. It was found that 96.7% (n=734) of females perceived their husband as authority figure in the family and 99.2% (n=753) consider themselves as good wives by being obedient to their husbands. Not only this, 88.9% (n=675) females perceived performing sex unwillingly with their husbands as an obligation.
Conclusion: Perceptions of women regarding gender discrimination and male dominancy play a vital role in accepting gender discrimination. This study identified the declining status of women as compared to men in marital life due to various socio-cultural and religious beliefs, which promote controlling behaviour by the male partner. This is the result of learned behaviour and social norms in a patriarchal society adapted by women.