Work-Related Stress and Stress-Coping Strategies among Patients Companions at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Saudi Arabia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Fahad D Alosaimi
SABIC Psychological Health Research & Applications Chair
College of Medicine, King Saud University
P.O. Box 7805, Riyadh 11472
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 17, 2016; Accepted Date: June 21, 2016; Published Date: June 27, 2016
Citation: Alosaimi FD, Alghamdi AH, Aladwani BS, Kazim SN, Almufleh AS (2016) Work-Related Stress and Stress-Coping Strategies among Patients’ Companions at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Saudi Arabia. J Psychiatry 19:374 doi:10.4172/2378- 5756.1000374
Copyright: © 2016 Alosaimi FD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Providing care to hospitalized patients may be associated with stress, reduced quality of life, and even psychiatric disorders. This case-control study aimed to compare the level of stress (using the 14-question perceived stress scale (PSS-14), potential risk factors, and stress-coping strategies (using the 28-item brief coping scale (BCS-28) between two convenient samples of patients’ companions (56) and administrative employees (98) working in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia. The average PSS-14 was slightly higher in companions than administrative employees (27.4 ± 9.9 vs. 25.1 ± 10.1, p=0.179). After stratifying by gender, the difference in males (but not females) was marginally significant in the unadjusted comparison and significant in the adjusted comparison. Companions had similar scores of adaptive stress-coping strategies but higher scores of maladaptive stress-coping strategies compared with administrative employees. This was especially apparent in the denial and self-distraction strategies. PSS-14 in all participants had a moderate significant positive correlation with maladaptive stress-coping strategies. Companions exhibited a gender-specific slight increase in the level of stress and adopted more maladaptive stresscoping strategies compared with administrative employees. There were no group differences in blood lipids, serum glucose, or cortisol levels.