alexa Year Round Production Studies of Cauliflower under Mid Hills of Himachal Pradesh | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2376-0354

Journal of Horticulture
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Research Article

Year Round Production Studies of Cauliflower under Mid Hills of Himachal Pradesh

Bhupinder Singh Thakur*
Regional Horticultural Research Station, Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Bajaura Kullu Himachal Pradesh, India
Corresponding Author : Bhupinder Singh Thakur
Regional Horticultural Research Station
Dr. YS Parmar University of Horticulture and
Forestry, Bajaura Kullu Himachal Pradesh, India
Tel: +919418200677
E-mail: [email protected]l.com
Received: May 21, 2015 Accepted: July 14, 2015 Published: July 17, 2015
Citation: Thakur BS (2015) Year Round Production Studies of Cauliflower under Mid Hills of Himachal Pradesh. J Horticulture 2:155. doi:10.4172/2376-0354.1000155
Copyright: © 2015 Thakur BS. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

The Cole crops in general and cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var botrytis L.), in particular have been found to be highly sensitive to weather conditions especially temperature fluctuations. Indian cauliflower has under gone fast diversification and its cultivation has further spread to non-traditional areas with development of tropical cauliflower varieties at IARI, New Delhi [1]. Therefore in the mid hills of states like Himachal Pradesh the major groups of cauliflower, grown are Indian and annual temperate type (the Erfurt’s and Alpha strains) more commonly known as Snowballs. The difference between the two is in their adaptability to different temperature conditions, tropical types form curds at temperatures around 20°C or above, while the temperate annual require temperature range between 10°C and 16°C for curd formation. Further, the tropical’s are resistant to high rainfall conditions, especially during the vegetative phase. Development of cultivars like Pusa Himjyoti, and Pusa Early Synthetics and existence of a large pool of varieties in different maturity groups have made it possible to produce cauliflowers more intensively and throughout the year in the mid hills of the state [2]. Therefore, maturity of the varieties needs more attention in year round production to ensure continuous supply of quality curds. Few studies have however been made to determine the environmental factors which can influence the maturity characteristics of the crop and not many quantitative data are available on this aspect. Therefore, a study was conducted in this background with a simple objective to determine the relationship between the time of planting and curd maturity at different altitudes.

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