alexa Yield and Storability of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) as Affected by Deficit Levels of Irrigation
ISSN: 2376-0354

Journal of Horticulture
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Research Article

Yield and Storability of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) as Affected by Deficit Levels of Irrigation

Bhagyawant RG1*, Gorantiwar SD2 and Dheware RM3
1Department of Agriculture Engineering, College of Agriculture Ambajogai, VNMKV, Parbhani, Maharastra, India
2Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Dr. ASCAE, MPKV, Rahuri, Maharastra, India
3Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture Ambajogai, VNMKV, Parbhani, Maharastra, India
Corresponding Author : Bhagyawant RG
Department of Agriculture Engineering
College of Agriculture Ambajogai
VNMKV, Parbhani, Maharastra
Tel: 02452-223002
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: October 06, 2015 Accepted: December 31, 2015 Published: January 04, 2016
Citation: Bhagyawant RG, Gorantiwar SD, Dheware RM (2016) Yield and Storability of Onion (Allium cepa L.) as Affected by Deficit Levels of Irrigation. J Hortic 3:169. doi:10.4172/2376-0354.1000169
Copyright: © 2016 Bhagyawant RG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Bulb yield and storability of onions (cv. N-2-4-1) was studied against deficit irrigation approach during rabi season of 2012 and 2013 at Instructional Farm of the Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Dr. Annasaheb Shinde College of Agricultural Engineering, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri. Experiment was carried out in Randomized Block Design (RBD) with 27 treatments and two replications based on different combinations of the quantity of water stress during different crop growth stages. Water applied per irrigation and soil moisture contents before and after irrigation was monitored throughout the season, while onion bulbs were harvested at the end of season and weighed. Yields and storage losses are higher with less water stress and reduced with increase in water stress. The highest yield of onion was obtained with a no stress treatment (T1) and it was at par with treatment (T4) which is 20% stress at bulb development stage. Losses due to rotting, sprouting, and physiological weight loss were found higher in irrigated treatments. After six months of storage (from 1st week of May to 1st week of October), the maximum cumulative weight loss (49.09%) was recorded in onions irrigated at maximum stress treatment (T27), while the minimum (38.21%) was recorded in T4 treatment which is 20% stress during bulb development stage.

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