Yoga Versus Resistance Training in Mild to Moderate Severity Parkinsons Disease: A 12-Week Pilot StudyDanny Bega1*, Jill Stein1, Cindy Zadikoff1, Tanya Simuni1, Daniel Corcos2, David Victorson3, Melinda Ring4 and Borko Jovanovic5
- Corresponding Author:
- Danny Bega
Department of Neurology, Division of Movement Disorders
North-western University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA
Tel: 312 503 5706
Fax: 312 908 5073
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: September 11, 2015; Accepted date: December 28, 2015; Published date: January 04, 2016
Citation: Bega D, Stein J, Zadikoff C, Simuni T, Corcos D, et al. (2016) Yoga Versus Resistance Training in Mild to Moderate Severity Parkinson’s Disease: A 12-Week Pilot Study. J Yoga Phys Ther 6:222. doi:10.4172/2157-7595.1000222
Copyright: © 2016 Bega D, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Yoga is a mind-body intervention which may address the motor and non-motor needs of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Objective: Explore the safety and feasibility of a 12-week biweekly course of Iyengar yoga in patients with PD, and collect pilot data on efficacy compared to resistance exercise. Method: Prospective randomized controlled single blinded study in patients with mild to moderate PD. Participants selected an urban or suburban site, and was randomized 1:1 to yoga or resistance classes. Results: 17 participants were enrolled. Mean age 67.3 (SD 9.8) years, and mean UPDRS III score was 24.2 (SD 7.0). There were 3 withdrawals unrelated to the intervention. There were no major adverse events. 16% of yoga classes were missed compared to 8% of resistance classes (p=0.04). Significantly more classes were missed at the urban site (14.8% vs. 7.5%). Both groups improved on mean TUG time, UPDRS score, and PDQ-39 score compared to baseline, although the between-group differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Attendance for yoga classes was inferior to resistance classes. Improvements in both motor and non-motor outcome measures need to be replicated with a larger study. Feasibility data will need to be taken into account in designing such a study.