Aortic valve disease is usually a condition in which the valve between the main pumping chambers of heart (left ventricle) and the main artery to body (aorta) shows abnormalities in their work. Aortic valve disease sometimes a condition which may be present at the time of birth (congenital heart disease), or it may result from other causes.
Histopathologic investigations of aortic sclerosis show central subendothelial plaquelike sores on the aortic side of the handout that stretch out to the nearby fibrosa layer. Blood pressure usually is normal and the heart rhythm regular. In advanced cases, there may be an abnormally low systolic pressure as compared to the diastolic pressure. A heart murmur is audible with a stethoscope.
Statistics: The prevalence rate of in the of Aortic valve disease in Poland is estimated to be approximately 0.8%. The prevalence of moderate or severe aortic stenosis in patients more than 65-75 years old is 1.8%. It is the most common valvular heart disease of the elderly and increases with age. Aortic valve disease is approximately 0.6% at age 75 years and 6.9% at 85-95 years.