Definition: Autism is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviours. In recent times all autism disorders were merged into one umbrella diagnosis of Autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
Symptoms and Treatment: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by social-interaction difficulties, communication challenges and a tendency to engage in repetitive behaviors. However, symptoms and their severity vary widely across these three core areas. Taken together, they may result in relatively mild challenges for someone on the high functioning end of the autism spectrum. Each child or adult with autism is unique so, each autism intervention plan should be tailored to address specific needs. Intervention can involve behavioral treatments, medicines or both. Many persons with autism have additional medical conditions such as sleep disturbance, seizures and gastrointestinal (GI) distress. Addressing these conditions can improve attention, learning and related behaviors.
Statistics: Disease statistics in Poland were analysed as awide range of CAM therapies are used in children. NCCAM groups CAM therapies into four domains, including mind-body medicine, biologically based practices, manipulative and body-based practices and energy medicine. The most commonly used CAM treatments for ASD fall into the categories of biologically based practice and manipulative and body-based practices. Approximately half of families of children with ASD will use a biologically based therapy, 30% a mind body therapy, and 25% a manipulation or body based method. The range of reported response about usage is dependent upon the population queried and how the question is asked. Few were reported that 41% of respondents endorsed benefit with dietary and nutritional treatments, while some scientists found that 75% of respondents thought their treatments were helpful.