Bladder cancer is any of several types of cancer arising from the epithelial lining of the urinary bladder, a balloon-shaped organ in your pelvic area that stores urine. Tobacco smoking is the main known contributor to urinary bladder cancer. Carcinogens such as nitrosamines are concentrated and excreted in the urine, thereby exposing them to the cells lining the urinary tract. This exposure is prolonged in the bladder (where 95% of urothelial carcinomas arise) but malignant transformation can arise anywhere in the urinary tract, from the renal calyx to the urethral meatus. Bladder cancer can be treated by surgery by removing tumor, tumor and a small portion of the bladder, biological therapy, removing the entire bladder, Chemotherapy, radiation therapy. According to reports, the incidence rate of bladder cancer in Poland is about 30.3 and the number is 6113. The mortality rate & number is 12.8 & 2583 respectively and the prevalence rate is about 5091, 12586, 18144.
Symptoms: Certain symptoms are not specific to lymphoma and are, in fact, similar to those of many other illnesses. People often first go to the doctor because they think they have a cold, the flu or some other respiratory infection that does not go away. Common symptoms include: • Swelling of lymph nodes, which may or may not be painless • Fever • Unexplained weight loss • Sweating (often at night) • Chills • Lack of energy • Itching
Cancer is treated with a wide variety of drugs. The following pages contain table with descriptions of the drugs described on the CancerQuest website. They are not intended to be comprehensive lists of cancer drugs. Instead, they provide easy ways to find information on some of the most common cancer treatments.
As noted above, standardised death rates for diseases of the nervous system increased in recent years. In 2012, the overall rate for the EU-28 was 38 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants. Finland had by far the highest rate among the EU Member States for diseases of the nervous system, as its rate of 137 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants was more than double the next highest rate which was 53 per 100 000 inhabitants in France (2011 data).