Congenital adrenal hyperplasia refers to a group of genetic disorders that affect the adrenal glands. These glands sit on top of the kidneys and release hormones the body needs to function. CAH creates imbalances in these hormones, which cause a wide range of symptoms in infants, children, and adults.
Treatment of all forms of CAH may include supplying enough glucocorticoid to reduce hyperplasia and overproduction of androgens or mineralocorticoids
In Poland, CAH is not included in standard newborn screening tests. Its prevalence is estimated at 1 : 14 000 to 1 : 10 000 live births.
Current research studies aims to improve our understanding of poor growth in children who have normal growth-hormone secretion, improve the final adult height of children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)