Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature. Normal body temperature is around 98.6 F (37 C). Hypothermia occurs as your body temperature passes below 95 F (35 C).
Signs and symptoms of mild hypothermia include shivering, dizziness, hunger, nausea, faster breathing, trouble speaking, slight confusion. Hypothermia can occur when a person is exposed to cold air, water, wind, or rain.
Blood tests can help confirm hypothermia and its severity. First aid care is primarily given to patients such as: helping a person with hypothermia, handle him or her gently, Moving the person to a warm, dry location if possible, Covering the person with blankets, blood may be drawn, warmed and recirculated in the body, warm saltwater solution may be used to warm certain areas of the body, such as the area around the lungs.
The overall mortality rate from hypothermia is similar between men and women. Because of a higher incidence of exposure among males, men account for 65% of hypothermia-related deaths. Very young and elderly persons are at increased risk and may present to the emergency department with symptoms that are not clinically obvious or specific for hypothermia.