Ischemic colitis is the most common form of intestinal ischemia. It manifests as a spectrum of injury from transient self-limited ischemia involving the mucosa and submucosa to acute fulminant ischemia with transmural infarction that may progress to necrosis and death. Although there are a variety of causes, the most common mechanism is an acute, self-limited compromise in intestinal blood flow. Though it is very rare, some heart and migraine medications, Hormone medications (such as estrogen) may also lead to ischemic colitis.
Usually, the person experiences abdominal pain. The pain is felt more often on the left side, but it can occur anywhere in the abdomen. The person frequently passes loose stools that are often accompanied by dark red clots. Sometimes bright red blood is passed without stool. Low-grade fevers (usually below 100° F [37.7° C]) are common.Some other symptoms include:Sudden or gradual pain in Belly area, A feeling of urgency to move your bowels, Diarrhea, vomiting, Nausea
Treatment of the patient is dictated by the severity of the ischemia. In the absence of colonic gangrene or perforation, supportive care is appropriate. Patients should be placed on bowel rest and given intravenous fluids to ensure adequate colonic perfusion. Optimization of cardiac function and oxygenation is important.
There's no sure approach to prevent the disorder as the cause of ischemic colitis isn't always clear. Patients with IC recover quickly and may never have another episode.To avoid repetitive scenes of ischemic colitis, it is ideal eliminate medications that might cause ischemic colitis. He or she may also test for clotting abnormalities.