Salmonellosis is an infection caused by Salmonella bacteria. Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, vomiting, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. In some cases, the diarrhea may be so severe that the patient becomes dangerously dehydrated and must be hospitalized.Symptoms of salmonellosis include diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. They develop 12 to 72 hours after infection, and the illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days.
Salmonellosis is diagnosed based on a medical history and a physical exam. A stool culture and blood tests may be done to confirm the diagnosis. Most people don't need to seek medical attention for a salmonella infection because it clears up on its own within a few days. However, in cases involving infants, young children, and older or immunocompromised adults, is associated with high fever or bloody stools, or appears to be causing dehydration.
Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) remains frequently reported, accounting in 2009 for 57% of all Salmonella serotypes. Infection with S. Enteritidis is primarily linked to ingestion of contaminated meat or egg products. Phage typing is a tool that is used to establish links between poultry flocks infected with S. Enteritidis and outbreaks among humans. It can also be used to assess strains currently in circulation and identify temporal trends. It is not, however, routinely performed in many European countries, including Poland.
The National Salmonella and E. Coli Centres are involved in identifying and typing Salmonella spp. and E. coli from within India and around the world.