Disease Defination: Social anxiety disorder is an anxiety disorder in which a person has an excessive and unreasonable fear of social situations. Intense nervousness and self-consciousness arise from a fear of being closely watched, judged, and criticized by others. Social anxiety disorder also called social phobia. People with social anxiety disorder suffer from distorted thinking, including false beliefs about social situations and the negative opinions of others. Without treatment, social anxiety disorder can negatively interfere with the person's normal daily routine, including school, work, social activities and relationships etc...
Disease Symptoms: Intense anxiety in social situations, Avoidance of social situations and anxiety (including confusion), pounding heart, sweating, shaking, blushing, muscle tension, upset stomach, and diarrhea. Children with this disorder may express their anxiety by crying, clinging to a parent, or throwing a tantrum.
Physical Treatment: Challenge negative thoughts, learn to control your breath, Face your fears and Build better relationships and Change your lifestyle.
Medication: Beta blockers – Beta blockers are used for relieving performance anxiety. They work by blocking the flow of adrenaline that occurs when you’re anxious. While beta blockers don’t affect the emotional symptoms of anxiety, they can control physical symptoms such as shaking hands or voice, sweating, and rapid heartbeat. Antidepressants – Antidepressants can be helpful when social anxiety disorder is severe and debilitating. Three specific antidepressants—Paxil, Effexor, and Zoloft—have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of social phobia. Benzodiazepines – Benzodiazepines are fast-acting anti-anxiety medications. However, they are sedating and addictive, so they are typically prescribed only when other medications for social phobia have not worked.
Out of the 18 CMDs analyzed the most common was alcohol abuse, significantly more often in males (18.6%) than in women (3.3%), (p<0.01). The second most common disorder was panic, also more frequent in women (8.5%) than in men (3.9%), (p<0.01). Similarly, depression occurred in women (4.0%) two times more often than in males (1.9%), (p<0.01). GAD, agoraphobia, panic, specific phobia (p<0.01), and dysthymia (p<0.05) were also more prevalent in women. On the other hand, alcohol abuse, alcohol and drug dependence (p<0.01), and hypomania (p<0.05) were more common in males. For most analyzed disorders significantly higher prevalence was found in the older age groups. Social phobia, specific phobias, and drug abuse occurred most often in men from the youngest group. No significant differences related to age were found for the prevalence of hypomania both in men and women. Indices of prevalence obtained in the EZOP Poland study differ from the indices of prevalence of mental disorders described earlier in other countries. Lower values were found in Poland for affective disorders and some anxiety disorders. Only alcohol abuse was diagnosed more often than in other studies using similar methods except Ukraine, where this disorder was diagnosed with similar frequency.