The most common electrophysiologic mechanisms leading to SCD are tachyarrhythmias such as ventricular fibrillation (VF) or ventricular tachycardia (VT). Interruption of tachyarrhythmias, using either an automatic external defibrillator (AED) or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), has been shown to be an effective treatment for VF and VT. The implantable defibrillator has become the central therapeutic factor in the prevention and treatment of sudden cardiac death.
Patients with tachyarrhythmias, especially VT, carry the best overall prognosis among patients with sudden cardiac arrest (SCA).The death rate from myocardial infarction in Katowice was nearly three times higher than those in Wroclaw and Krakow (74.8/100,000 against 25.2 and 25.7/100,000). Mortality rates from pulmonary heart disease and other heart diseases in Warsaw, Lodz, Bydgoszcz, and Szczecin were in the range of 12-19/100,000, while in the other cities it was lower than 1/100,000 residents.
CPR: Immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is critical to treating sudden cardiac arrest. By maintaining a flow of oxygen-rich blood to the body's vital organs, CPR can provide a vital link until more advanced emergency care is available. Ongoing Research is being done at cardiac centres.