Tourette Syndrome is an inherited neurological disorder that is characterized by the presence of multiple motor tics (eye blinking, shrugging, facial grimacing) and at least one vocal tic (grunting, barking, growling, snorting). It usually starts during childhood and continues into adulthood. The exact cause of Tourette's is unknown. Genetic studies suggest that some forms of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) are genetically related to Tourette’s. Tourette syndrome occurs in all cultures and ethnic groups. It is estimated that it affects 1-10 per 1000 people. Research indicates that it occurs 3 to 4 times more common among men than women.
Majority of people with Tourette syndrome does not require pharmacological treatment. However, when the symptoms are very severe, and tics substantially impede normal functions, pharmacological agents are used. They allow reducing the intensity of tics and related behaviors. Severe tics can be treated with drugs like neuroleptics (risperidone, ziprasidone, haloperidol etc) and antihypertensives (clonidine, guanfacine etc). Cognitive behavioral therapy and Relaxation techniques may be helpful in some patients. Polish Association of Tourette Syndrome supports people suffering from Tourette's and their families by facilitating mutual contacts, and the collection and dissemination of knowledge about the nature of the disease and treatment options. They collaborate with specialists and institutions working in the field of education, health care and research in Tourette's.