Tuberculosis is a disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis which usually attack the lungs, but can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. 8478 TB cases were reported in Poland in 2011.
The incidence rate was 22.2 cases per 100,000, with large variability between voivodeships from 12.8 to 37.0. The mean annual decrease of TB incidence in 2007 - 2011 was 0.4%. 7515 cases had no history of previous treatment i.e. 19.7 per 100,000.
Tuberculosis prevention and control efforts primarily rely on the vaccination of infants and the detection and appropriate treatment of active cases.
The only available vaccine as of 2011 is Bacillus Calmette-Gu?rin (BCG) The BCG vaccine has limitations, and research to develop new TB vaccines is ongoing. A number of potential candidates are currently in phase I and II clinical trials.